A set of libraries and executables creating a workflow for performing
gradient-based optimisation loops. The main executable (adjointOptimisationFoam)
solves the flow (primal) equations, followed by the adjoint equations and,
eventually, the computation of sensitivity derivatives.
Current functionality supports the solution of the adjoint equations for
incompressible turbulent flows, including the adjoint to the Spalart-Allmaras
turbulence model and the adjoint to the nutUSpaldingWallFunction, , .
Sensitivity derivatives are computed with respect to the normal displacement of
boundary wall nodes/faces (the so-called sensitivity maps) following the
Enhanced Surface Integrals (E-SI) formulation, .
The software was developed by PCOpt/NTUA and FOSS GP, with contributions from
Dr. Evangelos Papoutsis-Kiachagias,
Professor Kyriakos Giannakoglou,
and contributions in earlier version from
Dr. Ioannis Kavvadias,
Dr. Alexandros Zymaris,
Dr. Dimitrios Papadimitriou
 A.S. Zymaris, D.I. Papadimitriou, K.C. Giannakoglou, and C. Othmer.
Continuous adjoint approach to the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model for
incompressible flows. Computers & Fluids, 38(8):1528–1538, 2009.
 E.M. Papoutsis-Kiachagias and K.C. Giannakoglou. Continuous adjoint methods
for turbulent flows, applied to shape and topology optimization: Industrial
applications. 23(2):255–299, 2016.
 I.S. Kavvadias, E.M. Papoutsis-Kiachagias, and K.C. Giannakoglou. On the
proper treatment of grid sensitivities in continuous adjoint methods for shape
optimization. Journal of Computational Physics, 301:1–18, 2015.
Integration into the official OpenFOAM release by OpenCFD